Research Methodology by C.R. Kothari: A Comprehensive Guide for Researchers
If you are a student, scholar, or practitioner who is interested in learning more about research methodology, you may have come across the book Research Methodology: Methods and Techniques by C.R. Kothari. This book is one of the most popular and widely used textbooks on research methodology in various disciplines and fields of study. But what makes this book so special and valuable? What can you expect to learn from reading it? And how can you get a free copy of it? In this article, we will answer these questions and more. We will provide an overview of the book, its author, its benefits, its limitations, and its availability. By the end of this article, you will have a better understanding of what this book is about and why you should read it.
Research methodology is the systematic process of planning, conducting, analyzing, and reporting research. It involves choosing a suitable topic, formulating a research problem, reviewing relevant literature, selecting appropriate methods and techniques, collecting and processing data, interpreting and presenting results, and drawing conclusions and implications. Research methodology is essential for any researcher who wants to produce valid, reliable, and ethical research that contributes to knowledge and practice.
C.R. Kothari is a renowned Indian scholar who has written extensively on research methodology, statistics, economics, management, and education. He has a PhD in Economics from the University of Rajasthan and has taught at various universities in India and abroad. He has also served as a consultant for several national and international organizations such as UNESCO, UNICEF, World Bank, Asian Development Bank, etc. He has authored or co-authored more than 20 books and over 100 articles on various topics related to research methodology.
One of his most famous books is Research Methodology: Methods and Techniques, which was first published in 1985 and has been revised several times since then. The latest edition was published in 2009 by New Age International Publishers. The book is intended for students, researchers, teachers, trainers, consultants, managers, planners, administrators, policy makers, etc., who are involved in or interested in research activities in any field or discipline. The book covers the basic principles and concepts of research methodology, as well as the various methods and techniques of data collection and analysis. The book also provides practical examples and exercises to help readers apply the knowledge and skills learned from the book.
Overview of Research Methodology by C.R. Kothari
The book is organized into 27 chapters, which are grouped into six parts. The following table summarizes the main topics and contents of each part and chapter.
Defines research, its characteristics, objectives, types, and significance.
Defining the Research Problem
Explains how to select a research topic, formulate a research problem, state research objectives, and review literature.
Describes the meaning, purpose, features, types, and components of a research design.
Discusses the concepts, criteria, methods, and techniques of sampling.
Measurement and Scaling Techniques
Presents the concepts, levels, sources, and techniques of measurement and scaling.
Distinguishes between primary and secondary data, and explains the methods and tools of data collection.
Elaborates on the meaning, types, advantages, limitations, and precautions of observation as a data collection method.
Elaborates on the meaning, types, advantages, limitations, and precautions of interview as a data collection method.
Elaborates on the meaning, types, advantages, limitations, and precautions of questionnaire as a data collection method.
Processing and Analysis of Data
Explains the steps and techniques involved in processing and analyzing quantitative and qualitative data.
Testing of Hypotheses-I (Parametric or Standard Tests of Hypotheses)
Introduces the concept and procedure of hypothesis testing, and describes various parametric tests such as t-test, z-test, F-test, ANOVA, etc.
Testing of Hypotheses-II (Chi-square Test)
Introduces the concept and procedure of chi-square test, and illustrates its applications in various situations.
Analysis of Variance and Co-variance
Demonstrates the use of analysis of variance and co-variance for comparing means of more than two groups or populations.
Multivariate Analysis Techniques
Presents an overview of multivariate analysis techniques such as factor analysis, cluster analysis, discriminant analysis, etc.
Interpretation and Report Writing
Guides the readers on how to interpret the results of data analysis and write a clear and coherent research report or paper.
Case Study Method
Elaborates on the meaning, types, advantages, limitations, and precautions of case study as a data collection method.
Provides guidelines and tips on how to write a good research report, including its format, structure, style, and presentation.
Oral Presentation of Research Findings
Provides guidelines and tips on how to prepare and deliver an effective oral presentation of research findings, including its format, structure, style, and presentation.
Use of Computers in Data Analysis
Discusses the advantages and disadvantages of using computers and software for data analysis, and provides examples of some common software such as SPSS, Excel, NVivo, etc.
Research Methodology in Social Sciences
Highlights the importance and challenges of research methodology in social sciences, and compares and contrasts it with research methodology in natural sciences.
Bibliography and References
Explains the difference and importance of bibliography and references in research, and provides examples of various citation styles and formats.
Research Ethics and Plagiarism
Discusses the importance and challenges of research ethics, and defines and illustrates plagiarism and its consequences.
Research Methodology Book by C.R. Kothari Free 784
Explains how to download or buy a free copy of the book online, and provides a brief review of the book.
methods and techniques that are not covered in this book. Therefore, readers may need to consult other sources and resources on research methodology for their specific field or discipline.